Development of Turkish Textile Industry: History and Key Milestones

Development of Turkish Textile Industry

​The Turkish textile industry is an essential sector that has contributed significantly to the country's economic and social development. This article will explore the history and key milestones of the Turkish textile industry, examining how the sector evolved and reached its current position.

Keywords: Turkish textile, textile industry, development of Turkish textile, history, milestones, Turkey textile sector.


The roots of the Turkish textile industry can be traced back to the Ottoman Empire period. However, in the modern sense, the textile industry started to develop in the early 20th century. From the 1920s onwards, textile production and trade in the country gained significant momentum. Local cotton production played a crucial role in increasing the independence of fabric production. In the 1950s, the number of textile factories rapidly increased, contributing to economic growth.

Increase in Exports

Starting from the mid-1960s, the Turkish textile industry experienced substantial growth in exports. Particularly, exports to European and Middle Eastern markets helped the sector gain recognition internationally. Turkish textile products became preferred worldwide due to their quality and competitive prices.

Technological Advancements

In the 1990s, the Turkish textile industry made significant technological advancements. The use of automation systems and digital technologies improved production processes, enhancing efficiency. This increased production capacity and facilitated entry into new markets.

Sustainability and Fashion

In recent years, sustainability and eco-friendly practices have become a significant focus in the Turkish textile industry. Manufacturers have begun to use environmentally friendly materials and adopt sustainable production methods. Additionally, the Turkish fashion industry has made a name for itself internationally through remarkable designs and fashion events.

Integration of Textile and Technology

Today, the textile industry is integrated with technologies such as digitalization and artificial intelligence. Smart textile products, wearable technologies, and digitally produced goods enhance the sector's potential for the future.


The Turkish textile industry has gone through significant stages throughout history and has now reached a competitive position in the international arena. The contributions of domestic and foreign investors, technological advancements, and sustainability-oriented efforts all shed light on the industry's growth and potential future success. The development of the Turkish textile industry will continue to contribute to the country's economic growth.

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